CREST’s sister website, Radicalisation Research, has published a series of briefings on reciprocal radicalisation.
A CREST report, by Professor Kim Knott, Dr Ben Lee and Simon Copeland, highlights the topic of reciprocal radicalisation (and related terms, including cumulative extremism and co-radicalisation), which is the idea that extremist groups fuel one another’s rhetoric and/or actions, including violence.
The briefings, summarised in the report and published on Radicalisation Research, were delivered as part of a CREST Workshop on Reciprocal Radicalisation organised in London in May 2018. It was attended by practitioners from the UK government, police, probation and prison service.
What is reciprocal Radicalisation?
Reciprocal radicalisation (and related terms, including cumulative extremism and co-radicalisation) is the idea that extremist groups fuel one another’s rhetoric and/or actions, including violence.
It emerged as a concept after the 2001 riots in Northern England linked to the presence of extremists, and was further embedded following the establishment of the English Defence League in response to demonstrations by Islamist extremists in 2009.
In 2015, reference to reciprocal radicalisation was made in the UK Government’s Counter-Extremism Strategy. Despite finding a footing in both academic and policy circles, the empirical evidence for reciprocal radicalisation so far has been mixed.
Analyses suggest that relationships between extremist groups are more complex, and are mediated by the state, digital technology, and the news media.
A series of briefings were delivered as part of a CREST Workshop on Reciprocal Radicalisation. Papers and discussion during the day included interactive escalation of rhetoric and violence between extremist groups, signs and causal factors, the impact of the state, mainstream and social media, and potential opportunities for intervention.
These briefings can be found on CREST’s sister website here: www.radicalisationresearch.org
The full CREST report, by Kim Knott, Ben Lee and Simon Copeland, gives an overview of the discussions on signs of reciprocal radicalisation, the type of data and research methods most appropriate and the impact of social media.
You can download the CREST report here.