Senior Research Associate, CSTPV

Ben Lee is a Senior Research Associate at the Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (CSTPV) at the University of St Andrews where his research work is funded by the CREST.

Ben’s research focuses on the extreme-right and in particular, radicalisation, organisational change, terrorism, and subcultural approaches to extremism.

He has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals and regularly briefs practitioners and policymakers. Ben co-edits the open access journal, Extremism

Select publications

  • Lee, B., and Knott, K., (2021). Fascist Aspirants: Fascist Forge and Ideological Learning in the Extreme-Right Online Milieu. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
  • Knott, K. and Lee, B., (2020). Ideological Transmission in Extremist Contexts: Towards a Framework of How Ideas Are Shared. Politics, Religion & Ideology. 21(1), pp1–23
  • Lee, B. (2019). Countering Violent Extremism Online: The Experiences of Informal Countermessaging Activists. Policy & Internet. 12(1), pp 66–87
  • Lee, B. (2018). Informal Countermessaging: The Potential and Perils of Informal Online Countermessaging. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. 42 (1-2), pp 161–177
  • Lee, B., (2017). It’s Not Paranoia When They Are Really Out to Get You: The Role of Conspiracy Theories in the Context of Heightened Security. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 9(1), pp 4–20
  • Lee, B., (2016). Why We Fight: Understanding the Counter Jihad Movement. Religion Compass, 10(10), pp 257–265
  • Lee, B., (2015). A Day in the Swamp: Understanding Discourse in the Online Counter Jihad Nebula. Democracy and Security, 11(3), pp 248–274
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