Lorraine Hope

Professor of Applied Cognitive Psychology, University of Portsmouth

Lorraine Hope is Professor of Applied Cognitive Psychology at the University of Portsmouth. She holds degrees from Lancaster, Bristol and Aberdeen universities and is a member of the UK Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST). Her work focuses on the performance of human cognition in applied contexts, including memory and decision-making under challenging conditions.

Over the past 15 years, her research has resulted in the development of innovative tools and techniques, informed by psychological science, for eliciting accurate and detailed information and intelligence in security, policing and intelligence contexts.  Working with national and international collaborators, Professor Hope has secured competitive funding from the Economic and Social Research Council, British Academy, Royal Society, Australian Research Council, Home Office and national police forces. 

She has published widely on memory and information elicitation topics and speaks regularly at academic and practitioner conferences. She is an invited member of the Executive Board of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group (iIIRG), an elected member of the Governing Board of the Society for Applied Research on Memory and Cognition (SARMAC), Associate Editor of British Psychological Society journal Legal and Criminological Psychology and Consulting Editor for the American Psychological Association Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Personal webpage

Recent publications

Hope, L., Blocksidge, D., Gabbert, F., Sauer, J. D., Lewinski, W., Mirashi, A. & Atuk, E. (In press). Memory and the Operational Witness: Police officer recall of firearms encounters as a function of active response role. Law and Human Behavior.
Hope, L. (2016). Evaluating the effects of stress and fatigue on police officer response and recall: A challenge for research, training, practice and policy. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 239-245.
Sauer, J., & Hope, L. (2016). Effects of divided attention at study and reporting procedure on regulation and monitoring for episodic recall. Acta Psychologica, 169, 143-156
Gabbert, F., Hope, L., Carter, E. & Boon, R (2015). Communicating with witnesses: The role of initial accounts during investigative interviews. In G. Oxburgh, T. Grant, T. Myklehust, B. Milne (Eds.) Communication in Investigative and Legal Contexts: Integrated Approaches from Forensic Psychology, Linguistics and Law Enforcement. John Wiley & Sons.
Nash, R., Wheeler, R. L. & Hope, L. (2015). On the persuadability of memory: Is changing people’s memories no more than changing their minds? British Journal of Psychology, 106, 308-326.
Vrij, A., Mann, S., Jundi, S., Hillman, J., & Hope, L. (2014). Detection of Concealment in an Information-Gathering Interview. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 936-944.
Vrij, A., Hope, L., & Fisher, R. P. (2014). Eliciting Reliable Information in Investigative Interviews. Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain Sciences (PIBBS), 1, 129-136.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F., Fisher, R. P. and Jamieson, K. (2014), Protecting and Enhancing Eyewitness Memory: The Impact of an Initial Recall Attempt on Performance in an Investigative Interview. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 304–313.
Hope, L., Eales, N. and Mirashi, A. (2014), Assisting jurors: Promoting recall of trial information through the use of a trial-ordered notebook. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 19, 316–331.
Hope, L. (2013). Interviewing in Forensic Settings. In D. S. Dunn (Ed.) Oxford Bibliographies in Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press
Hope, L., Mullis, R. & Gabbert, F. (2013) Who? What? When? Using a timeline technique to facilitate recall of a complex event. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2, 20-24.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F & Fraser, J. (2013). Post incident conferring by law enforcement officers: Do discussions affect beliefs and accuracy? Law & Human Behavior. 37, 117-27.
Jundi, S., Vrij, A., Hope, L., Mann, S. & Hillman, J. (2013) Establishing Evidence through Undercover & Collective Intelligence Interviewing. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 19, 297-306.
Hope, L., Lewinski, W., Dixon, J., Blocksidge, D. & Gabbert, F. (2012). Witnesses in action: The effect of physical exertion on recall and recognition. Psychological Science, 23, 386-390.

More from Lorraine…


Development of the Reporting Information about Networks and Groups (RING) task: a method for eliciting information from memory about associates, groups, and networks

Eliciting detailed and comprehensive information about the structure, organisation and relationships between individuals involved in organised crime gangs, terrorist cells and networks is a...Read More »

Eliciting information from memory about criminal gangs and terrorist cells

A new method for supporting the recall of information from memory has been devised to help source handlers elicit information about people involved in...Read More »

Taking Decisions about Information Value (Full Report)

Intelligence analysts are typically required to process large volumes of data in a timely manner in order to extract useful information and detect potential...Read More »

A sea change for intelligence analysis?

TIDE (Team Information Decision Engine) is a new software tool which could increase efficiency for intelligence analysts. In recent years there has been a...Read More »

“Tell me more about this…”: An examination of the efficacy of follow-up open questions following an initial account

In information gathering interviews, follow‐up questions are asked to clarify and extend initial witness accounts. Across two experiments, we examined the efficacy of open‐ended...Read More »

Detecting smugglers: Identifying strategies and behaviours in individuals in possession of illicit objects

Behaviour detection officers’ task is to spot potential criminals in public spaces, but scientific research concerning what to look for is scarce. In two...Read More »

From the Lab to Operational Response: Examining the Impact of Stress On Memory for High Pressure Incidents

Lorraine Hope examines the impact of stress on memory for high-pressure incidents. Understanding what happened during major critical incidents, from terrorist attacks to riots,...Read More »

The Self-Generated Cues Technique

A new CREST guide published today provides detail on the Self-Generated Cues Technique, which can aid in the recall of information. Successful investigations in...Read More »

Memory at the Sharp End: The Costs of Remembering With Others in Forensic Contexts

In many applied contexts where accurate and reliable information informs operational decision‐making, emergency response resource allocation, efficient investigation, judicial process, and, ultimately, the delivery...Read More »

The Benefits of a Self-Generated Cue Mnemonic for Timeline Interviewing

Reliable information is critical for investigations in forensic and security settings; however, obtaining reliable information for complex events can be challenging. In this study,...Read More »

A-Z of influence tactics and topics

This A-Z will give you a whistle-stop your through the topics and tactics of influence, pulled together by CSR#8 guest editor, Lorraine Hope, and...Read More »

Mindmap: What sources mean when they say "I Don't Know"

Mindmap: What Sources Mean When They Say “I Don’t Know”When a source responds to a question with either ‘I don’t know’ or ‘I don’t remember’, that may well be a legitimate response. However,...Read More »

When does inconsistency matter?

Does it matter when someone seems to change their story from one interview to another – if they’ve added some new information or contradict...Read More »

Memory and Consistency in Eliciting Information: When does (in)consistency matter?

A guide to distinguish between different types of inconsistency to help make a good judgement about where threats to accuracy lie. The consistency of...Read More »

How does memory work?

Interviewing survivors of, witnesses to and participants in terror attacks enables investigators to piece together what happened and how. Understanding how the memory works...Read More »

Masterclass in eliciting intelligence information

CREST Researchers delivered a masterclass on intelligence interviewing to over fifty practitioners from European government, police and military organisations. The day covered new techniques...Read More »

Memory at the sharp end: the psychology of eliciting information

This is the professorial inaugural lecture by CREST researcher Lorraine Hope, Professor of Applied Cognitive Psychology at Portsmouth University. Lorraine presents the results of...Read More »

Research on the Timeline Technique

The research in this paper by CREST member Professor Lorraine Hope was used as the basis for our short guide to using The Timeline...Read More »

A timeline helps interviewees recall and report events

A guide on using timelines to help recall by interviewees Based on research by CREST member Professor Lorraine Hope (Portsmouth) we have written a...Read More »

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