Where and how are extremist ideologies transmitted and young people radicalised? This Programme improves our understanding of where and how extremist ideologies are transmitted and young people are radicalised, in order for de-radicalisation strategies and counter-narratives to be better designed and targeted. Led by Professor Kim Knott at Lancaster University.
This programme examines the backcloth of economic, political, societal and global security perspectives that shape the perceptions and realities of security threats.
Through original research, knowledge synthesis and transfer – including workshops and roundtables, the programme aims to improve understanding of the conditions under which extremist ideologies are transmitted, individuals and groups are radicalised, and a minority make the move to violence.
Better knowledge of the process, locations, events and relationships involved in ideological transmission is vital for future development and targeting of interventions, disruption, and counter-narratives.
Knowledge synthesis: The role of families in ideological transmission
It has long been assumed that ideology is passed from parent to child, however empirical support for this is mixed. Our review of the literature has found that the evidence shows that:
Concrete principles, such as political and religious affiliation and preference, are more successfully transferred between generations than more abstract ones, such as values
Family members exert different effects on transmission
Family agreement on beliefs and values can boost transmission, as can the salience of issues
Some methods (e.g. rote learning and regular ritual) more effective than others
Children are not passive agents in the process; they are actively involved
Offspring sometimes defy parents and resist their influence
The transmission of hatred differs across groups: social revolutionary terrorists are generally more likely to disagree with and defy parents; national-separatist terrorists more likely to feel they are righting the wrongs experienced by earlier generations.
Kin and peer contexts, ideological transmission and the move to extremist involvement This doctoral project enhances understanding of the ideological and social impact of family members and friends by connecting social network analysis of terrorist individuals and groups, psychological research on terrorist biographies, and studies of intergenerational and peer-to-peer transmission.
Ideological transmission on university campuses This project will explore aspects of the development of religious identities and extremist ideas on university campuses.
Refugees, social identity and resilience This doctoral project examines what resilience looks like within refugee communities. What are the key social identities that operate, and how do they function together to influence a sense of self? How do social identities effect how adversity is perceived and experienced? Do social identities offer resources to draw from in meeting these adversities?
Grassroots counter messaging online: building resistance in civil society This project will deepen understanding of counter messaging and the types of content created by individuals outside officially recognised programmes. What are the motivations of activists who produce counter messages, and how effective is their content? What are the risks and rewards they face?
Joint decision making in real world emergencies Ongoing research on how emergency response teams operate in the real-world and what are the core challenges to command decision making. Current findings suggest the need for goal clarity, clearly defining roles and drawing on agency-specific expertise.
Gender and violent extremism This doctoral project examines the gendered roles, mechanisms and practices which support violent extremism. Can underlying structures, drivers and beliefs be identified, and how and when do they differ for men and women? How have women’s roles as enablers of terrorist engagement or obstacles to disengagement changed?
CREST funds and supports the public information website Radicalisation Research which provides expert scholarly articles and summaries on radicalisation, extremism, fundamentalism and terrorism, http:/www.radicalisationresearch.org
Communicating CREST research by Communications Director, Matthew Francis. Our world-leading research is irrelevant if practitioners, policy-makers and other stakeholders do not get to hear...Read More »