Knowledge Management Across the Four Counter-Terrorism ‘Ps’

A series of nine reports exploring priority areas of policy and practice that fall within the four pillars of CONTEST (Pursue, Prevent, Protect, Prepare). The series provides a valuable resource for practitioners, policymakers, and researchers interested in the most up-to-date research on key areas of counter-terrorism policy and practice.


Evaluating Programmes to Prevent and Counter Extremism

The overwhelming majority of P/CVE programmes have not been subject to formal evaluation. Where evaluations have taken place, they can fall short of the...Read More »

Public Experiences of the UK Counter-Terrorism System

Some communities have disproportionately more contact with the counter-terrorism system. Qualitative studies suggest that British Muslims and Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities...Read More »

Terrorism-Related Simulations

Terrorism-related simulations have been used for a variety of purposes including testing and validating existing plans and procedures; evaluating performance; improving the capabilities and...Read More »

The Relationship Between Mental Health Problems and Terrorism

Prevalence of mental health problems Current research challenges reductive, either-or approaches to the role and significance of mental health disorders in terrorism. Instead, it...Read More »

Behavioural-Focused Protective Security Programmes

Research on the motivations and barriers for public reporting of suspicious behaviours linked to terrorism – broadly defined as anything that appears out of...Read More »

Extremist Risk Assessment

Although there is broad consensus on the risk factors associated with violent extremism, in most cases they have not been properly evaluated. Few studies...Read More »

Economic Influences on Radicalisation

Debate remains in virtually all areas of research about the relationship between economics and radicalisation. Studies assessing the relationship between levels of terrorism and...Read More »

Right-Wing Terrorism: Pathways and Protective Factors

Ideology is not typically a strong motivator in right-wing extremists’ decision to join extremist groups. By contrast, the violence, music and aesthetics associated with...Read More »

Managing Terrorism-Related Offenders in Prison

Problems Identifying prison radicalisation and those driving it is difficult. Dedicated prison intelligence units that liaise with law enforcement and intelligence agencies can support...Read More »

Principal Investigator

Sarah Marsden


Lancaster University


Sarah Marsden

Simon Copeland

James Lewis