British Muslims | Demography and communities

This guide is part of a series of new resources giving an overview of Muslims and Islam in the UK.

In 2011, there were 2.8 million Muslims in the UK. 4.8 per cent of the population of England and Wales were Muslim; in Scotland the figure was 1.4 per cent. Nearly half the UK’s Muslims were under 25 years old in 2011. A major problem for British Muslims has been the way they have been perceived by others. This guide gives an overview of how many Muslims there are in the UK, and how these communities are characterised.

The guide draws on academic literature from Islamic studies, religious studies, history, sociology, anthropology, political science, education, social psychology, and policy and security studies, as well as information from a variety of websites produced by Muslim and Islamic groups, and material from news websites.

Written by CREST Researcher Professor Kim Knott, this guide comes out of CREST’s Ideas, Beliefs and Values in Social Context project and is intended to inform and enrich discussions about Muslims in the UK.

The guide covers key statistics on British Muslims, as well as topics such as:

  • Internal characteristics and external perceptions of British Muslim communities
  • Islamophobia
  • Research on British Muslims
  • Provides links for further reading

Other resources available in our series on Muslims in the UK include:

  • Charities and organisations
  • Families and family life
  • Gender and generations
  • History
  • Mosques
  • Sectarian movements
  • Full annotated report
  • Executive summary of full report

All of these resources are available to download here:

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Download this guide here.

All our resources on Muslims in the UK are available to download here:

These resources are produced under a Creative Commons 4.0 BY-NC-SA licence. For more information on how you can use our content read our copyright page.