A guide to deradicalisation programmes, which seek to address the ideological, social, and personal issues that lead someone to become involved in violent extremism.
Efforts to move people away from violent extremism have been in place for several decades. As well as traditional counter-terrorism approaches focused on interdiction and arrest, in the past, countries such as Italy and Spain provided amnesties and inducements to encourage people to disengage from militancy.
In the early 2000s, there was a shift in focus and intervention programmes began to try and change the ideas and attitudes believed to be associated with violent extremism. Some of the earliest initiatives were developed in the Middle East and South East Asia. Since then, deradicalisation programmes have become an increasingly important part of counter-terrorism efforts across the world.
Deradicalisation programmes seek to address the ideological, social, and personal issues that led someone to become involved in violent extremism. Their aim is to support the move away from terrorism in order to protect the public, reduce the risk of reengaging in violent extremism, and enable the individual to pursue a more positive future.
They are targeted at those convicted of terrorism or people assessed to be meaningfully involved in violent extremism. These interventions are distinct from other areas of Countering Violent Extremism focused on earlier stages of the radicalisation process.
Deradicalisation programmes are targeted at those convicted of terrorism or people assessed to be meaningfully involved in violent extremism.
Deradicalisation programmes are often described as tertiary interventions which seek to prevent ongoing involvement in militancy. This is in contrast to primary interventions which aim to prevent radicalisation by increasing awareness about violent extremism and addressing ‘root causes’, or secondary interventions focused on those considered at risk of engaging in violent extremism.
This guide, by Sarah Marsden, is an introduction to deradicalisation programmes, setting out the types of interventions in operation, the methods they use, and how to evaluate their effects.
Read, download and share the guide here: Deradicalisation Programmes: Introductory guide.
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