The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: The Transnational and British Jihadi Scene

The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: The Transnational and British Jihadi Scene

This report is the first empirical case study, produced out of The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: A Descriptive Typology project, funded by CREST.

The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: The Transnational and British Jihadi Scene
Click here to download this case study.

Acts of mass-scale indiscriminate violence and terrorist outfits such as the Islamic State (IS) are largely characterised by a seemingly limitless desire to kill, destroy and spread terror.

Yet within such movements, there is often entrenched disagreement about the extent, scope and nature of the violence that can and should be employed.

Why do some ‘extremists’ or ‘extremist groups’ choose not to engage in violence, or only in particular forms of low-level violence? Joel Busher, Donald Holbrook and Graham Macklin have developed a typology to better understand why there are often thresholds of violence that members of extremist groups rarely cross. You can read the Full Report here.

This first empirical case study explores communication among individuals involved in an informal social network who were seeking to plan attacks in the UK, for which they were convicted in 2016.

Whilst this group was actively supporting and participating in dedicated attack planning involving targets in the London area, members nonetheless expressed some doubts about their participation in political violence and some of the expressions of violent Islamism that they had witnessed.

This case study also considers the approach of al-Muhajiroun, a radical Islamist collective set up by Omar Bakri Mohammed which existed in different guises between 1996 and 2016, when key members were convicted for promoting terrorism.

It is an especially intriguing example, in relation to the internal brakes project, since it demonstrates how different types of internal brakes, that appeared to be in place, were gradually removed.


The Internal Brakes On Violent Escalation: A Descriptive Typology

You can download this case study here: The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: The Transnational and British Jihadi Scene

You can find the Executive Summary here.

You can find the Full Report here.

This report is the first empirical case study, produced out of The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: A Descriptive Typology project, funded by CREST.

You can read the other two case studies; The British Extreme Right, and The Animal Liberation Movement, plus the full report at: www.crestresearch.ac.uk/internal-brakes

To find out more information about this project, and to see other outputs from the team, go to: www.crestresearch.ac.uk/projects/internal-brakes-violent-escalation/

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