Russia and Disinformation: Maskirovka (Full Report)

Russia and Disinformation: Maskirovka (Full Report)

This CREST report by Dr Cerwyn Moore, is one of four reports on Russia and Disinformation. This report focuses on disinformation and Russia’s ‘strategic narrative’.

19-024-01 Russia and Disinformation: Maskirovka (Full Report)
Click here to download this report.

This CREST report investigates the phenomenon of disinformation in the contemporary context as conceived and practised by actors in the Russian Federation. It considers the following questions:

  • The historical background to disinformation operations in the Soviet Union/Russia.
  • To what extent there are dominant narratives that dominate Russian disinformation, and if so whether these narratives explain Russia’s wider strategic aims.
  • How disinformation complements external diplomacy and is woven into ‘strategic narratives’ promoted by the Russian state.
  • Targets and objectives of disinformation activities (with two short case studies of disinformation campaigns).
  • Means and methods of dissemination of disinformation.
  • To what extent disinformation appears to work and the measures adopted to date by external actors to counter its influence.

This report draws on extensive scrutiny of open-source material, including from Russian-language primary sources as well as Western academic research and policy-related documents.

This report is part of a series on disinformation to come out of CREST’s Actors and Narratives programme. The other three reports in the Russia and Disinformation series: ‘The Case of the Caucasus’, ‘The Case of Ukraine’, and ‘Institutions and Actors’ can be found at

Read, download and share the full report: Russia and Disinformation: Maskirovka (Full Report)

You can find the Executive Summary here.

The other reports in this series can be found here.

These resources are produced from the Actors and Narratives programme, funded by CREST. To find out more information about this programme, and to see other outputs from the team, visit the Actors and Narratives programme page.

As part of CREST’s commitment to open access research, these resources are available under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence. For more details on how you can use our content see here.