Russia and Disinformation: The Case of the Caucasus (Full Report)

Russia and Disinformation: The Case of the Caucasus (Full Report)

This CREST report by Dr Cerwyn Moore, is one of four reports on Russia and Disinformation and looks at why the Caucasus is important, and what the Russian deployment of disinformation in the region tells us.

How does Russian state disinformation operate in the Caucasus region? This CREST report considers three different cases of disinformation deployment in the Caucasus region. It highlights the dynamics of Russian state influence, both domestically in the Russian Federation’s North Caucasus region as well as in Georgia, just across the Russian border in the South Caucasus.

Russia and Disinformation: The Case of the Caucasus (Full Report)
Click to download this report.

This report is part of a series on disinformation to come out of the Actors and Narratives programme. The other three reports in the Russia and Disinformation series: ‘The Case of Ukraine’, ‘Maskirovka’, and ‘Institutions and Actors’ can be found at

Case Studies

This report analyses three case studies in order to understand the dynamics of disinformation in the North Caucasus. They are:

  • The Beslan school siege.
  • The 2008 war between Georgia and Russia.
  • Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov’s disinformation on social media.

How are these three examples useful? The Beslan school siege tells us about the management and subsequent framing of an event of domestic terrorism that also involved the use of hard power.

The 2008 war case is interesting as an international military confrontation involving a significant element of disinformation.

The Kadyrov case on the other hand is enlightening as an example of disinformation in the context of propaganda and technical change with the rise of social media.

Moreover, these three examples tell us about how Russia variously manages disinformation in relation to: an incident/event, another sovereign state, and an individual.

Read, download and share the full report:  Russia and Disinformation: The Case of the Caucasus (Full Report)

You can find the Executive Summary here.

The other reports in this series can be found here.

These resources are produced from the Actors and Narratives programme, funded by CREST. To find out more information about this programme, and to see other outputs from the team, visit the Actors and Narratives programme page.

As part of CREST’s commitment to open access research, these resources are available under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence. For more details on how you can use our content see here.